What is it? What could it become? Development Plan Biliography Questions Links



The development of the objectives proposed in the previous chapter bring us to the next tool for planning and management, "the Development Plan for Vilars 2000."

The global aim of the Development Plan for Vilars 2000 is to present the 21st century society with an excavated, restored and partially reconstructed Ilergetian fortress, a monument to be visited, which has been provided with the necessary services to make it a living social and cultural reality and an active research project linked with the University of Lleida (UdL). As well as this, it should constitute a motor for economic and cultural stimulation for the western districts of Catalonia, becoming a obligatory reference point for cultural tourism in the area and a basic support for teaching and the spreading of our history.

The Development Plan is conceived as a combination of three technical constitutional documents, plus two complementary, instrumental documents. The latter two, destined to guarantee the dissemination and promotion of the project, are "
Vilars 2000; an Ilergetian fortress from 2,700 tears ago", the book you have in your hands, and "Virtual Vilars", produced in collaboration with the Department of Computer Engineering of the University of Lleida (UdL) and aimed at developing, through computerised support and multi-media techniques, a new type of archaeological documentation and, at the same time, a tool for promotion based on the possibilities for the virtual recreation of the past.

The development of this future project will be carried out through the Development Plan conceived in two phases. The first during 1997, 1998 and 1999 and the second from the year 2000 on. These two phases will be developed in accordance with the following three technical working documents:


1st Phase: Archaeological research and planning

1. "Project for archaeological excavations, research and documentation"

The aim is to procede with the integral excavation of the fortress, except for the area destined as a scientific reservation. The idea is to have all the necessary information available for the writing of the "Project for the consolidation, restoration and recreation of Vilars" and to leave the archaeological site in condition to carry it out.. That means defining the excavations needed to delimit the site, the external defences, the accesses and the internal street plan, as well as the extensive excavation of the houses and the various communal structures and spaces and to do so in a "phased" way, or put another way, deciding as progress goes along which stage of each zone will be shown to the public, depending on its state of conservation, its specific significance and the necessary global understanding of the site.

The project is the responsibility of the archaeologists with the collaboration of the rest of the team, especially the architects.

2. "Special archaeological protection and zoning plan for Vilars"

The objective is to complete the process of acquiring the plots affected, solve the infrastructure deficiencies and develop the protection of the BCIN declaration, in the category of archaeological zone.

The aim is, firstly, to distribute the space (archaeological research area, protection area, service area), along with situating the installations, defining accesses and the link to the road, this latter programmed to be carried out in 1997 as a FEDER project between the European Union and the Arbeca Council.

Secondly, the aim is to establish the basic directives for working on the heritage, under both general philosophical and technical criteria. Consolidate to conserve, reconstruct volumes to recover the monumental dimension and restore locally to make certain areas understandable. The clear distinction between the original and the reconstructed parts and the materials used will have to guarantee the reversibility of all work. This will be carried out on individualised stratographic constructed units, respecting the original materials and construction techniques (type of stone, disposition, formwork, adobe, etc.) and producing a rigurous documental register of all the structures acted upon.

The architects are responsible for the Plan with the collaboration of the rest of the team, especially the archaeologists.


2nd Phase: Intervention, consolidation and setting.

3. "Project for the consolidation, and recreation of Vilars"

The objective is to prepare the proposal for the presentation of the whole historical/monumental site to the public. This involves the definition of the consolidation treatment and the restoring of the archaeological remains, as well as the work aimed at recreating the surroundings which call for the use of didactic, leisure and cultural functions. the preservation of heritage values and the recovery and dissemination of historical information make up the axes of the project. The instrument for carrying nthis out would be an ordinary Building Project.

The responsibility for the Project must be shared among a mixed technical group of archaeologists and architects. The part corresponding to museo-graphic dissemination and treatment will require the collaboration of professionals from the field of history teaching, from cultural dissemination and institutions such as the Institute of Educational Sciences (ICE).

The project will require the institutional collaboration through a management entity where Arbeca Town Council, the University of Lleida, the Archaeological Service, the District Council, the Diputació of Lleida, the Institute of Educational Sciences and the Department of Education will all be represented. There will also have to be an agreement for management and investment subscribed to by the Catalan Autonomous Government (Generalitat), the District Council, the Diputació of Lleida and Arbeca Town Council.